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Research

Safe and Supportive Schools (S3) Factsheets present findings from the analyses of student risk behavior and resilience data from the California High School students who have participated in the California Healthy Kids Survey. Relationships between the eight school climate subdomains (High Expectations and Caring Relationships; Opportunities for Meaningful Participation; Perceptions of Safety; School Connectedness; Physical and Emotional Violence Perpetration; Physical and Emotional Violence Victimization; Harassment and Bullying; Substance Use at School) and important student- and school-level outcomes are explored.

To download a pdf version of a Safe and Supportive Schools Factsheet, click on the title.

  • S3 Factsheet No. 1: Teacher Support: High Expectations and Caring Relationships (pdf)
    High levels of teacher support are a critical component of positive school climate change. This S3 factsheet focuses on two important aspects of how teachers can support student well-being and resilience—high expectations and caring relationships.
  • S3 Factsheet No. 2: Opportunities for Meaningful Participation in School (pdf)
    Student interest, engagement, and motivation are fostered by providing students with opportunities to participate in meaningful, personally relevant activities in school. This factsheet addresses how these opportunities are related to student well-being and school climate improvement.
  • S3 Factsheet No. 3: School Climate and Academic Performance Across California High Schools (pdf)
    This S3 Factsheet demonstrates how school climate, as measured by the School Climate Index, is strongly related to state Academic Performance Index (API) scores. As SCI scores increase—as high schools became safer, more supportive, and more engaging—API scores increase as well.
  • S3 Factsheet No. 4: Are School–Level Supports for Teachers and Teacher Collegiality Related to Other School Climate Characteristics and Student Academic Performance? (pdf)
    This S3 Factsheet describes how supportive working conditions for teachers and teacher relationships with each other are related to school climate and student academic performance. The results suggest that providing teachers opportunities to engage in healthy, productive collegial relationships supports a positive school climate, improves conditions for learning for students, and improves student academic achievement.
  • S3 Factsheet No. 5: School Connectedness & Academic Achievement in California High Schools (pdf)
    The CHKS School Connectedness Scale is an important differentiator between low-performing and high-performing high schools and has value as an indicator of school quality. School connectedness appears to have increased in California in the second half of the last decade, but it still declines markedly after elementary school and a substantial majority of high school students are not highly connected to their schools, with the lowest rates of both connectedness and test scores in low-income schools.
  • S3 Factsheet No. 6: Positive School Climate: A Hallmark of Academically Successful Schools (pdf)
    A small subset of California middle and high schools perform much better academically than predicted based on their student demographics. This factsheet shows that these high performing schools ("beating-the-odds" schools) have much more positive levels of school climate relative to other schools. It also shows that a separate group of schools that perform much worse academically than predicted have much more negative levels of school climate.
  • Improving School Climate and Academic Achievement in California (pdf): After two years of program implementation, the majority of S3 schools improved not only their school climate but also student academic achievement. This document discusses these findings and provides success stories from participating schools.
  • A Climate for Academic Success (pdf): This new report from WestEd highlights positive school climate, a crucial factor associated with schools that consistently "beat the odds" and realize greater academic success than predicted for their student population.
  • S3 Evaluation Final Report: This report provides helpful lessons learned from the S3 project to guide the efforts of other schools.